In 2014, Kentucky General Assembly reclassified Kentucky cities into two types.
* First Class Cities - have a mayor-alderman form of government
*Home Rule Cities - have a mayor-council, commission, or a city manager form of government.
Section 156b of the Kentucky Constitution authorizes the General Assembly to grant broad home rule powers to cities, but does not require it. Fortunately, in 1980 the General Assembly did decide to grant broad home rule authority to all classes of cities through the adoption of KRS 82.082. Prior to the enactment of the home rule statute, cities had no inherent right of self-government and depended almost exclusively upon specific acts of the General Assembly to authorize various functions.
Members of the commission share legislative, executive and administrative authority. There are no strict separation of powers. Mayor acts as a voting member of the commission and takes on duties of presiding at commission meetings and executing contracts. The ultimate authority is vested in the city commission as a body.
Now, under KRS 82.082, a city may exercise any power or perform any function that is:1) Within the boundaries of the city;2) In furtherance of a public purpose of the city; and3) Not in conflict with a constitutional provision or statute.
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